- vadose flow
- Water flowing in free-surface streams in caves .
A Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology with Special Reference to Environmental Karst Hydrology. Courtesy of the author & The Karst Waters Institute. 2002.
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vadose cave — 1. A cave that underwent most of its development above the water table. Within the vadose zone, drainage is freeflowing under gravity, and cave passages therefore have air above any water surface. The gravitational control of vadose flow means … Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology
Vadose zone — [ capillary fringe, water table, and phreatic or saturated zone. (Source: United States Geological Survey.) ] The vadose zone, also termed the unsaturated zone, is the portion of Earth between the land surface and the phreatic zone or zone of… … Wikipedia
hydrosphere — /huy dreuh sfear /, n. the water on or surrounding the surface of the globe, including the water of the oceans and the water in the atmosphere. [1885 90; HYDRO 1 + SPHERE] * * * Discontinuous layer of water at or near the Earth s surface. It… … Universalium
Majid Hassanizadeh — Seyed Majid Hassanizadeh Born October 22, 1952 (1952 10 22) (age 59) Tooyserkan, Iran Fields Hydrogeology … Wikipedia
Groundwater recharge — Water balance Groundwater recharge or deep drainage or deep percolation is a hydrologic process where water moves downward from surface water to groundwater. This process usually occurs in the vadose zone below plant roots and is often expressed… … Wikipedia
canyon passage — 1. A tubular passage (cave) that is formed by underground streams following gently tilted beddingplane partings or fractures and are eroding channels downward through the rock. Their ceiling heights are greater than their widths. They are… … Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology
transition zone — 1. Portion of bedrock in the vadose zone that is between the epikarst zone and the phreatic zone, is relatively waterless and unfractured, but is locally breached by discrete percolation points (vadose shafts.) 2. The zone in which the… … Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology
underfit stream — A small stream that flows along a cave passage that was enlarged to its current size by an earlier, larger stream. Commonly underfit streams are found flowing under vadose conditions along the floors of drained phreatic tubes, long abandoned… … Lexicon of Cave and Karst Terminology
Hydrogeology — ( hydro meaning water, and geology meaning the study of the Earth) is the area of geology that deals with the distribution and movement of groundwater in the soil and rocks of the Earth s crust, (commonly in aquifers). The term geohydrology is… … Wikipedia
hydrologic sciences — Introduction the fields of study concerned with the waters of the Earth. Included are the sciences of hydrology, oceanography, limnology, and glaciology. In its widest sense hydrology encompasses the study of the occurrence, the… … Universalium